Concurrently suppressing multidrug resistance and metastasis of breast cancer by co-delivery of paclitaxel and honokiol with pH-sensitive polymeric micelles.
Acta Biomater. 2017 Aug 28. Epub 2017 Aug 28. PMID: 28842335
: To concurrently suppress multidrug resistance (MDR) and metastasis of breast cancer cells, paclitaxel (PTX) and honokiol (HNK) were coencapsulated into pH-sensitive polymeric micelles based on poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline)-poly(d,l-lactide) (PEOz-PLA). The physicochemical properties of dual drug-loaded PEOz-PLA micelles were characterized in size, drug loading and in vitro release. The efficiency of MDR reversal for the micelles was testified by synergetic enhancement of cytotoxicity and uptake by MCF-7/ADR cells. The flow cytometry and fluorescence polarization measurement results reinforced the conclusion that down-regulation of P-gp expression and increase of plasma membrane fluidity appeared to be possible mechanisms of MDR reversal by dual drug-loaded PEOz-PLA micelles. Further, the efficient inhibition of tumor metastasis by dual drug-loaded PEOz-PLA micelles was demonstrated by in vitro anti-invasion and anti-migration assessment in MDA-MB-231 cells and in vivo bioluminescence imaging in nude mice. The suppression of MDR and metastasis by the micelles was assigned to synergistic effects of pH-triggered drug release and HNK/PEOz-PLA-aroused P-gp inhibition, and pH-triggered drug release and PTX/HNK-aroused MMPs inhibition, respectively. In conclusion, our findings strengthen the usefulness of co-delivery of PTX and HNK by pH-responsive polymeric micelles for suppression of tumor MDR and metastasis.
STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Multidrug resistance (MDR) and metastasis are considered to be two of the major barriers for successful chemotherapy. The combination of a chemotherapeutic drug with a modulator has emerged as a promising strategy for efficiently treating MDR cancer and preventing tumor metastasis. Herein, a dual drug (paclitaxel and honokiol)-loaded pH-sensitive polymeric micelle system based on PEOz-PLA was successfully fabricated to ensure that tumor MDR and metastasis could be concurrently suppressed, therefore achieving distinguishing endo/lysosomal pH from physiological pH by accelerating drug release and then enhancing the cytotoxicity of paclitaxel to drug-resistant tumor cells MCF-7/ADR by increasing cellular uptake of paclitaxel, preventing in vitro invasion and migration for MDA-MB-231 cells and in vivo metastasis in nude mice. Further, the mechanism of MDR reversal by dual drug-loaded PEOz-PLA micelles was elucidated to be down-regulation of P-gp expression and increase of plasma membrane fluidity of MCF-7/ADR cells. The present findings strengthen the usefulness of co-delivery of PTX and HNK by pH-responsive polymeric micelles for suppression of tumor MDR and metastasis.