Abstract Title:

Mammalian sirtuin 1 is involved in the protective action of dietary saturated fat against alcoholic fatty liver in mice.

Abstract Source:

J Nutr. 2008 Mar;138(3):497-501. PMID: 18287356

Abstract Author(s):

Min You, Qi Cao, Xiaomei Liang, Joanne M Ajmo, Gene C Ness

Article Affiliation:

Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Physiology, University of South Florida Health Sciences Center, Tampa, FL 33612, USA. myou@health.usf.edu


This study was undertaken to elucidate the mechanism underlying the protective effect of a high saturated fat (HSF) diet against the development of alcoholic fatty liver in mice. We tested the effects of a HSF diet on the ethanol-mediated increase in hepatic sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP-1) activity. Thirty-two male mice were divided into 4 groups and fed liquid diets consisting of either a high polyunsaturated fat (40% of energy from corn oil) or a HSF (40% of energy from cocoa butter) diet with or without ethanol for 4 wk. In the ethanol-containing diets, ethanol was substituted for an equivalent amount of carbohydrate to provide 27.5% of the total energy. Control mice were pair-fed the same volume of liquid diets as the ethanol-fed mice. The HSF diet suppressed the increase in mature SREBP-1 protein and prevented increased mRNA of the SREBP-1-regulated lipogenic enzymes in the ethanol-fed mice (P<0.05). Sirtuins 1 (SIRT1), a NAD+-dependent class III histone deacetylase, was upregulated by ethanol administration in mice fed the HSF diet (P<0.05). The HSF diet blocked histone H3 at lysine 9 (lys9) hyperacetylation and attenuated association of acetylated histone H3-Lys9 with the promoters of mitochondrial glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase and stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 in the livers of the ethanol-fed mice. These results suggest that the protective effects of HSF diet against the development of alcoholic liver steatosis may occur via regulation of the hepatic SIRT1-SREBP-1-histone H3 axis, suppressing the expression of genes encoding lipogenic enzymes and slowing the synthesis of hepatic fatty acids.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.