A Combination of Apple Vinegar Drink withAmeliorates High Fat Diet-Induced Body Weight Gain, Insulin Resistance and Hepatic Steatosis.
Nutrients. 2020 Aug 19 ;12(9). Epub 2020 Aug 19. PMID: 32825073
Obesity is a worldwide epidemic characterized by excessive fat accumulation, associated with multiple comorbidities and complications. Emerging evidence points to gut microbiome as a driving force in the pathogenesis of obesity. Vinegar intake, a traditional remedy source of exogenous acetate, has been shown to improve glycemic control and to have anti-obesity effects. New functional foods may be developed by supplementing traditional food with probiotics.is a suitable choice because of its resistance to high temperatures. To analyze the possible synergic effect of Vinegar andagainst the metabolic alterations induced by a high fat diet (HFD), we fed twelve-week-old C57BL/6 mice with HFD for 5 weeks after 2 weeks of acclimation on a normal diet. Then, food intake, body weight, blood biochemical parameters, histology and liver inflammatory markers were analyzed. Although vinegar drink, either alone or supplemented with, reduced food intake, attenuated body weight gain and enhanced glucose tolerance, only the supplemented drink improved the lipid serum profile and prevented hepatic HFD-induced overexpression of CD36, IL-1β, IL-6, LXR and SREBP, thus reducing lipid deposition in the liver. The beneficial properties of the-supplemented vinegar appear to be mediated by a reduction in insulin and leptin circulating levels.