Gastrodin combined with rhynchophylline inhibits cerebral ischaemia-induced inflammasome activation via upregulating miR-21-5p and miR-331-5p.
Life Sci. 2019 Oct 11 ;239:116935. Epub 2019 Oct 11. PMID: 31610203
BACKGROUND: The protective effects of gastrodin and rhynchophylline in ischaemic injury have been reported. However, the underlying mechanism and the effect of the combination of these two drugs in ischaemic injury remain unclear. Herein, we aimed to explore the effects of the combination of gastrodin and rhynchophylline on ischaemia-induced inflammasome activation as well as the underlying mechanism.
METHODS: Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) mice and oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD)-treated BV2 cells were used as in vivo and in vitro models of ischaemia, respectively. Cerebral injury was determined by TTC staining, H&E staining and neurological deficit scores. The effects of the combination of gastrodin and rhynchophylline on inflammasome activation were measured by the MTT assay, Western blotting and ELISA. The expression of miR-21-5p and miR-331-5p was measured by qRT-PCR. The potential binding between miR-21-5p and TXNIP and between miR-331-5p and TRAF6 was analysed with Targetscan and a luciferase assay.
RESULTS: MCAO-induced tissue infarction, neurological deficits, inflammasome activation, and downregulation of miR-21-5p and miR-331-5p were all mitigated by the combination of gastrodin and rhynchophylline. In OGD-treated BV2 cells, the combination of gastrodin and rhynchophylline also alleviated inflammasome activation and restored the expression of miR-21-5p and miR-331-5p. TXNIP and TRAF6 were confirmed to be targets of miR-21-5p and miR-331-5p, respectively. Moreover, OGD-induced inflammasome activation was attenuated by the overexpression of either miR-331-5p or miR-21-5p and was further attenuated by the overexpression of both. Finally, we demonstrated that a miR-21-5p inhibitor and/or a miR-331-5p inhibitor counteracted the protective effects of gastrodin and/or rhynchophylline.
CONCLUSIONS: The combination of gastrodin and rhynchophylline exerts neuroprotective effects by preventing ischaemia-induced inflammasome activation via upregulating miR-21-5p and miR-331-5p.