Tea catechins have dual effect on mast cell degranulation induced by compound 48/80.
Int Immunopharmacol. 2008 Sep;8(9):1207-15. Epub 2008 May 20. PMID: 18602066
Green tea catechins are emerging as one of the most efficient and safest ingredient in health promoting food. We investigated catechin's effects on intracellular ROS generation in mast cell activation and degranulation. Compound 48/80, receptor mimetic basic secretagogues for mast cell, induced ROS generation dose-dependently with bell-shaped degranulation pattern in canine cutaneous mastocytoma cells (CM-MC). When intracellular ROS level was relatively low, catechins decreased both ROS and the degranulation. However, when intracellular ROS level was remarkably high, catechins decreased ROS level but increased the degranulation paradoxically. Gallocatechins showed the stronger effects than non-gallated catechins. Exogenous H(2)O(2) also shows dual effect on degranulation dose-dependently. EGCG shows the dual effect on the tyrosine and threonine phosphorylation depending on the concentration of compound 48/80. Particularly, 60 kDa protein tyrosine-phosphorylated by EGCG with 3 microg/ml of compound 48/80 might be a negative regulator for the degranulation. Taken together, there is an optimal level of ROS for the degranulation, and the catechins have a dual function by controlling ROS level.