Combining TRAIL and liquiritin exerts synergistic effects against human gastric cancer cells - GreenMedInfo Summary
Combining TRAIL and liquiritin exerts synergistic effects against human gastric cancer cells and xenograft in nude mice through potentiating apoptosis and ROS generation.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2017 Sep ;93:948-960. Epub 2017 Jul 14. PMID: 28715876
Gastric cancer is one of the most factors, leading to cancer-related death worldwide. However, the therapies to prevent gastric cancer are still limited and the emergence of drug resistance leads to development of new anti-cancer drugs and combinational chemotherapy regimens. Our study was aimed to explore the anti-gastric cancer effects of liquiritin (LIQ), a major constituent of Glycyrrhiza Radix, which possesses a variety of pharmacological activities. The tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) preferentially inhibited tumor cells over other normal cells, when used in alone or in combination. The results indicated that LIQ, when applied in single, was moderately effective to suppress proliferation, and migration, as well as to induce apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation of human gastric cancer cell lines, AGS and SNU-216, which are TRAIL-resistant. Significantly, when used in combination, the two drugs functioned synergistically to impede the progression and growth of human gastric cancer cells in vitro and gastric cancer cell xenograft nude mice in vivo. Both intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis were induced by the two in combination via activating Caspases. And c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activity was dramatically induced by TRAIL/LIQ. Importantly, TRAIL/LIQ-triggered apoptosis and JNK were dependent on ROS production. The data indicated that application of TRAIL/LIQ in combination had a potential value for clinical use to synergistically prevent human gastric cancer development.