Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities of Combretin A and Combretin B isolated from Combretum fragrans F. HOFFM (Combretaceae) leaves.
Inflammopharmacology. 2018 Dec ;26(6):1429-1440. Epub 2017 Nov 20. PMID: 29159717
Previous pharmacological and phytochemical studies showed that, Combretum fragrans F. HOFFM (Combretaceae) is a Cameroonian medicinal plant possessing numerous therapeutic virtues and rich in various active secondary metabolites. In this study, we investigate in vivo anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity and, in vitro anticancer, anti-TNFα, ROS and NO-inhibitory activities of Combretum A and Combretin B, two triterpenes cycloartane-type isolated from the leaves of Combretum fragrans. The effect on ROS, TNF-α and NO production, anticancer activity and cytotoxicity assay were done using chemiluminescence technique, ELISA kit, colorimetric method, MCF-7 cells and MTT assay, respectively. Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities were estimated using a model of acetic acid, formalin and carrageenan. Combretin A and Combretin B significantly (p < 0.001) inhibited extracellular ROS production. These compounds also significantly (p < 0.001) reduced TNF-α and NO production. Moreover, these compounds decreased cell viability of MCF-7 cell lines. For acetic acid- or formalin-induced pain, as well as carrageenan-induced acute inflammation, Combretin A and Combretin B exhibited significant (p < 0.001) anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities. Anti-nociceptive, anti-inflammatory and anticancer potential associated with inhibitory effects on ROS, TNFα and NO production in this study show that, Combretin A and Combretin B could be considered as the promising chemotherapeutic agents in breast cancer treatment and inflammatory disease.