Concentrations of nine bisphenol analogues in food purchased from Catalonia (Spain): Comparison of canned and non-canned foodstuffs.
Food Chem Toxicol. 2019 Nov 21:110992. Epub 2019 Nov 21. PMID: 31760075
The present study was aimed at assessing the exposure of an adult population to nine BPs analogues (BPA, BPS, BPF, BPB, BPAF, BPZ, BPE, BPAP and BPP) through a duplicate diet study. Up to 40 canned and non-canned food samples were purchased from Tarragona (Catalonia, Spain) and further analyzed. Three of the nine BPs - BPA, BPB and BPE - were detected in the food samples. BPA was found in 93% and 36% of canned and non-canned samples, respectively, with a mean concentration of 22.49 and 4.73 μg/kg, respectively. Only one sample of canned asparagus (88.66 μg/kg) exceeded the new threshold set by the European Commission (50 μg/kg). BPB was found in canned and non-canned chicken and olive oil samples, with lower levels for canned chicken and non-canned olive oil. Finally, BPE was detected in non-canned mushrooms and nuts (2.40 and 12.35 μg/kg, respectively). Based on the current results, dietary intake for BPA was estimated to be 24.9 and 3.11 μg/day for canned and non-canned groups, respectively. The unexpected occurrence of BPs in non-canned products highlights the ubiquity of these compounds along the food production chain, beyond to the packaging.