Cordycepin (3'-deoxyadenosine) inhibits human platelet aggregation induced by U46619, a TXA2 analogue.
J Pharm Pharmacol. 2006 Dec;58(12):1677-82. PMID: 17331333
Cordycepin (3'-deoxyadenosine), which comes from Cordyceps militaris, the Chinese medicinal fungal genus Cordyceps, is known to have anti-tumour activity. In this study, we investigated the novel effect of cordycepin on human platelet aggregation that was induced by U46619, a thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) analogue. TXA(2) is an aggregation-inducing autacoidal molecule that is produced in various agonist-activated platelets. Cordycepin completely inhibited U46619-induced platelet aggregation and simultaneously reduced cytosolic free Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)), which was increased by U46619 (5 microM) up to 66%. Furthermore, the U46619-stimulated phosphorylation of Ca(2+)-dependent proteins (20 kDa of a myosin light chain and 47 kDa of pleckstrin) was strongly inhibited by cordycepin. These results suggest that cordycepin may have a beneficial effect on autacoidal TXA(2)-mediated thrombotic diseases by inhibiting TXA(2)-induced platelet aggregation via suppression of the Ca(2+) level.