Coriolus versicolor polysaccharides (CVP) regulates neuronal apoptosis in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury via the p38MAPK signaling pathway.
Ann Transl Med. 2020 Sep ;8(18):1168. PMID: 33241017
Background: This study aims to investigate the regulation of herbal polysaccharide, Coriolus versicolor polysaccharides (CVP), on neuronal apoptosis in a rat cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) model. We also intend to explore the mechanisms and effectiveness of CVP in the treatment of neuronal apoptosis in CIRI rats, including neurological function, cerebral infarction volume, inflammatory factors, and the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) signaling pathway as well as its downstream protein cleaved-Caspase-3.
Methods: A CIRI model was established in rats using the Longa method of middle cerebral artery occlusion. Neurological function scores and cerebral infarction volumes were measured in CIRI rats. Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) were used to measure neuronal apoptosis in CIRI rats. The levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in CIRI rats were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A western blot assay was used to measure the protein expression levels of p38MAPK, phospho-p38MAPK (p-p38MAPK), Bcl-2, Bax and cleaved-Caspase-3 in brain tissue of CIRI rats.
Results: CVP can effectively improve the neurological function of rats after 6, 12, 24, and 48 h of CIRI. It can also improve the behavioral test, reduce the cerebral infarction volume and inhibit the apoptosis of nerve cells in CIRI rats. The protein expression levels of p-p38MAPK and cleaved-Caspase-3 exhibited a decreasing trend following CVP administration.
Conclusions: CVP can significantly reduce the pathological characteristics of CIRI in rats and inhibit the apoptosis of nerve cells around the lesions. The mechanism of its effectiveness is related to inhibiting the activation of the p38MAPK signaling pathway.