Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Abstract Title:

Inhibition of nitric oxide synthase expression by a methanolic extract of Crescentia alata and its derived flavonols.

Abstract Source:

Life Sci. 2001 Dec 21;70(5):523-34. PMID: 11811897

Abstract Author(s):

G Autore, L Rastrelli, M R Lauro, S Marzocco, R Sorrentino, U Sorrentino, A Pinto, R Aquino

Article Affiliation:

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Salerno, Fisciano-Salerno, Italy.

Abstract:

In order to validate the use of Crescentia alata (Bignoniaceae) in the traditional medicine of Guatemala as an antiinflammatory remedy, the methanolic (MeOH) extract has been evaluated in vivo for antiinflammatory activity on carrageenin paw edema in rats and in vitro on Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide- (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in J774.A1 macrophage cell line. This extract exerted in vivo a significant anti-inflammatory activity at the highest dose tested. The same extract showed in vitro an inhibitory activity on inducible nitric oxide synthase expression and on NO formation in LPS-primed J774.A1 cells. Subsequent fractionation and analysis of the extract has led to the isolation and characterization as major constituents of two flavonol glycosides: quercetin 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1->6)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (rutin) 1, kaempferol 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1->6)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (kaempferol 3-O-rutinoside) 2, and flavonol aglycone, kaempferol 3. Their structures were elucidated by spectral methods. The bioassay-directed analysis of flavonols 1-3 indicated that kaempferol (3) was the most active compound contained in the MeOH extract because it reduced in vitro both NO production and iNOS expression in LPS-primed J774.A1 cells, whereas rutin (1) and kaempferol 3-O-rutinoside (2) showed no significant activity. The MeOH extract and all of flavonoids tested did not show in vitro significant cytotoxic effect in J774.A1 macrophage cell line.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.