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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Crocetin Mitigates Irradiation Injury in an In Vitro Model of the Pubertal Testis: Focus on Biological Effects and Molecular Mechanisms.

Abstract Source:

Molecules. 2021 Mar 17 ;26(6). Epub 2021 Mar 17. PMID: 33802807

Abstract Author(s):

Giulia Rossi, Martina Placidi, Chiara Castellini, Francesco Rea, Settimio D'Andrea, Gonzalo Luis Alonso, Giovanni Luca Gravina, Carla Tatone, Giovanna Di Emidio, Anna Maria D'Alessandro

Article Affiliation:

Giulia Rossi

Abstract:

Infertility is a potential side effect of radiotherapy and significantly affects the quality of life for adolescent cancer survivors. Very few studies have addressed in pubertal models the mechanistic events that could be targeted to provide protection from gonadotoxicity and data on potential radioprotective treatments in this peculiar period of life are elusive. In this study, we utilized an in vitro model of the mouse pubertal testis to investigate the efficacy of crocetin to counteract ionizing radiation (IR)-induced injury and potential underlying mechanisms. Present experiments provide evidence that exposure of testis fragments from pubertal mice to 2 Gy X-rays induced extensive structural and cellular damage associated with overexpression of PARP1, PCNA, SOD2 and HuR and decreased levels of SIRT1 and catalase. A twenty-four hr exposure to 50μM crocetin pre- and post-IR significantly reduced testis injury and modulated the response to DNA damage and oxidative stress. Nevertheless, crocetin treatment did not counteract the radiation-induced changes in the expression of SIRT1, p62 and LC3II. These results increase the knowledge of mechanisms underlying radiation damage in pubertal testis and establish the use of crocetin as a fertoprotective agent against IR deleterious effects in pubertal period.

Study Type : Animal Study

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