Crocin protected against MNNG-induced malignant transformation. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Crocin reverses 1-methyl-3-nitroso-1-nitroguanidine (MNNG)-induced malignant transformation in GES-1 cells through the Nrf2/Hippo signaling pathway.
J Gastrointest Oncol. 2020 Dec ;11(6):1242-1252. PMID: 33456997
Background: Crocin, an active constituent of saffron, has anticancer activity. In this study, we investigated the relationship of Crocin with human gastric epithelial cells induced by 1-methyl-3-nitroso-1-nitroguanidine (MNNG), and explored the underlying mechanism.
Methods: , the animal growth and atypical hyperplasia were observed in Sprague-Dawley rats. A cell model was established by treating the human gastric mucosa epithelial cell line GES-1 with MNNG. The effects of Crocin on proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in GES-1 cells were analyzed using Cell Counting Kit-8, colony formation, flow cytometry, and Transwell assay, respectively. Western blot was used to explore the potential mechanism..
Results: The gastric mucosa of animal model deteriorated obviously, the weight growth rate slowed down, and the atypical hyperplasia of gastric mucosa increased. The GES-1 cells had characteristics of malignant cells such as proliferation, apoptosis, and metastasis ability. It was found that Crocin suppressed the cell proliferation, increased apoptosis, and blocked the cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase simultaneously. Furthermore, Crocin negatively regulated the invasion ability of MNNG-treated GES-1 cells and EMT process. Crocin also increased the expression of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), decreased TAZ in MNNG-treated GES-1 cells. Interestingly, Crocin regulated the expression of TAZ and yes-associated protein (YAP) by increasing Nrf2 level, as well as their upstream targets, mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (MST) and large tumor suppressor (LATS).
Conclusions: Crocin protected against MNNG-induced malignant transformation through the Nrf2/Hippo signaling pathway, which might be a drug candidate for clinical gastric cancer management.