Cucurbitacin B suppresses proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Cucurbitacin B suppresses proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells by ceRNA: Effect of miR-146b-5p and lncRNA-AFAP1-AS1.
J Cell Physiol. 2018 Sep 12. Epub 2018 Sep 12. PMID: 30206930
Cucurbitacin B (CuB) is a natural tetracyclic triterpene product that displays antitumor activity against a wide variety of cancers. In this study, we explored the antipancreatic cancer activity of CuB via the inhibition of expression of the cancer-related long noncoding RNA, actin filament-associated protein 1-antisense RNA 1 (AFAP1-AS1). CuB arrested pancreatic cancer (PC) cells in the G2/M cell cycle phase by suppressing the expression of AFAP1-AS1. Insights into the mechanisms of competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) gained from bioinformatics analysis and luciferase activity assays showed that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and AFAP1-AS1 directly compete for miR-146b-5p binding. CuB-induced high miR-146b-5p expression and inhibited the expression of AFAP1-AS1. In summary, reducing the expression of endogenous AFAP1-AS1 effectively increased the available concentration of miR-146b-5p in PC, whereas miR-146b-5p overexpression prevented the expression of endogenous AFAP1-AS1. In particular, we hypothesized that AFAP1-AS1 might act as a ceRNA, effectively becoming a sponge for miR-146b-5p, thereby activating the expression of the EGFR. Thus, CuB suppresses the proliferation, in vitro and in vivo, of PC cells through the ceRNA effect of AFAP1-AS1 on miR-146b-5p.