Cupric sulfate exhibits genotoxicity in freshwater fish. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Genotoxic effects of copper sulphate in freshwater planarian in vivo, studied with the single-cell gel test (comet assay).
Mutat Res. 2001 Oct 18;497(1-2):19-27. PMID: 11525904
Departamento de Biofísica, Centro de Biotecnologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Prédio 43422, Caixa Postal 15093, CEP 91501-970, RS, Porto Alegre, Brazil. email@example.com
The alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis, or comet assay, was used to evaluate the genotoxic potential of copper sulphate in planarians. Concentration-related increase in DNA damage was induced after 2h and 7 days exposure to CuSO4 dissolved in culture water. To study the influence of copper ions on the persistence of mutagen-induced DNA lesions, planarians were treated with methyl methanesulphonate (MMS), and further incubated in the absence (post-incubation) or presence (post-treatment) of CuSO4. After 2h of post-treatment enhanced persistence of DNA effects in relation to the corresponding post-incubation value was detected, which indicate inhibition of DNA repair by CuSO4. At 4h an increase of DNA migration in relation to the 2h value was observed, which is significant for the post-incubation group. After 24h, DNA damage decreased but was still significantly elevated in relation to the control. From our results, we conclude that planarians are suitable organisms for in vivo detection of copper genotoxicity in the comet assay, and can be used to assess both acute and chronic exposure to this chemical in aquatic ecosystems. The inhibition effect of copper ions on repair of MMS-induced DNA damage suggests that copper could modulate the genotoxic effects associated with complex mixture exposure in the environment.