Abstract Title:

Sodium arsenite induced biochemical perturbations in rats: ameliorating effect of curcumin.

Abstract Source:

Food Chem Toxicol. 2008 Nov;46(11):3506-11. Epub 2008 Sep 2. PMID: 18809455

Abstract Author(s):

Mokhtar I Yousef, Fatma M El-Demerdash, Fatma M E Radwan

Article Affiliation:

Department of Home Economic, Faculty of Specific Education, Alexandria University, 14 Mohamed Amin Shohaib Street, Moustafa Kamel, P.O. Box Roushdi, Alexandria 21529, Egypt. yousefmokhtar@yahoo.com


The present study was undertaken to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of curcumin in terms of normalization of altered biochemical parameters following sodium arsenite treatment in rats. Animals were divided into four groups. The first group was used as control. While, groups 2, 3 and 4 were orally treated with curcumin (Cur, 15 mg/kg BW), sodium arsenite (Sa, 5 mg/kg BW) and sodium arsenite plus curcumin, respectively. Results showed that the activities of transaminases and phosphatases were significantly decreased in liver due to Sa administration, whereas increased in plasma. The activity of brain and plasma acetylcholinesterase (AChE) was decreased in rats treated with Sa. Also, Sa significantly decreased plasma total protein (TP), albumin (Alb) and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-c), while increased glucose, urea, creatinine, bilirubin, total lipid (TL), cholesterol, triglyceride (TG) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-c). Curcumin alone decreased the levels of glucose, urea, creatinine, TL, cholesterol, TG and LDL-c. Curcumin reduced Sa-induced transaminases, phosphatases, glucose, urea, creatinine, bilirubin, TL, cholesterol and TG. Moreover, curcumin induced Sa-reduced liver transaminases and phosphatases, plasma and brain AChE, and the levels of TP and Alb. Experimental results, therefore suggested that curcumin protects arsenic induced biochemical alterations in rats.

Study Type : Animal Study

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