Curcumin attenuates ethanol-induced toxicity in hippocampal cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Curcumin attenuates ethanol-induced toxicity in HT22 hippocampal cells by activating mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1.
Neurosci Lett. 2009 Apr 10;453(3):186-9. Epub 2009 Feb 20. PMID: 19429032
Ethanol causes neurotoxicity through formation of reactive oxygen species and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways. MAPK phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) is one of the phosphatases responsible for dephosphorylation/deactivation of MAPKs. In this report, we examined the potential involvement of MKP-1 in cytoprotective effects of the well-known antioxidant curcumin. In HT22 hippocampal cells, ethanol caused cell death and activation of p38 MAPK and other two kinases. Blockage of p38 MAPK by its inhibitor protected HT22 cells against ethanol-induced toxicity. Curcumin attenuated ethanol-induced cell death, inhibited activation of p38 MAPK, and activated MKP-1. In HT22 cells transiently transfected with small interfering RNA against MKP-1, curcumin failed to inhibit ethanol-induced activation of p38 MAPK and to protect HT22 cells from ethanol-induced toxicity. Our results suggest that curcumin can attenuate ethanol-induced neurotoxicity by activating MKP-1 which acts as the negative regulator of p38 MAPK. This novel pathway may contribute to and explain at least one of the cytoprotective actions of curcumin.