[Effect of NF-kappaB activation inhibitor curcumin on the oogenesis and follicular cell death in immune ovarian failure in mice].
Fiziol Zh. 2010;56(4):96-101. PMID: 20968042
In experiments on CBA mice, we studied the influence of an inhibitor of nuclear transcription factor kappaB activation curcumin, obtained from Curcuma longa, on the meiotic maturation of oocytes and apoptotic and necrotic death of follicular cells at immune ovary failure induced by immunization of animals with allogenic ovarian extracts. NF-kappaB plays a pivotal role in the induction of genes encoding pro-inflammatory factors (cytokines, adhesion molecules, inducible NO-synthase and cyclooxygenase) and in regulation of cell proliferation and death. It has been shown that immunization of mice increased the death of follicular cells through anapoptotic and necrotic pathways, which led to inflammatory response (according to blood leukogram and impairment the oocyte meiotic maturation at metaphase I and II). Intragastric administration of curcumin (Sigma, USA, 2 mg of the mouse weight, four times a week during the period of immunization) reduced the number of the follicular cells died through apoptotic and especially necrotic pathway. Curcumin attenuated an inflammatory response and improved the meiotic maturation of oocytes impaired under experimental immune ovarian failure in mice.