Curcumin attenuates isoproterenol induced myocardial necrosis in rats. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Curcumin treatment modulates collagen metabolism in isoproterenol induced myocardial necrosis in rats.
Mol Cell Biochem. 1999 Jul;197(1-2):31-7. PMID: 10485321
Department of Biotechnology, Central Leather Research Institute, Adyar, Madras, India.
This study was carried out to evaluate whether curcumin, a potent antioxidant, had any specific role in the synthesis and degradation of collagen in rat heart with myocardial necrosis, induced by isoproterenol.HCI (ISO). Myocardial necrosis was induced by administration of ISO (30 mg/100 g body weight subcutaneously twice at an interval of 24 h) and studies on collagen metabolism were carried out with curcumin (200 mg/kg) pre-and co-treatment with ISO. The incorporation of 14C-proline into collagen was studied as an index of collagen synthesis. The heart weight/body weight ratio,heart RNA/DNA ratio and protein were found to increase significantly in ISO administered animals. Curcumin pre- and co-treatment with ISO reversed these changes and attenuated the development of cardiac hypertrophy two weeks after the second dose of ISO. Increased fractional synthesis rate and enhanced degradation of newly synthesized collagen were observed in ISO administered animals. Curcumin pre- and co-treatment with ISO was noticed to decrease the degree of degradation of the existing collagen matrix and collagen synthesis, two weeks after the second dose of ISO. The observed effects could be due to free radical scavenging capacity and inhibition of lysosomal enzyme release by curcumin.