Abstract Title:

Curcumin, a known phenolic from Curcuma longa, attenuates the virulence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 in whole plant and animal pathogenicity models.

Abstract Source:

J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Mar 26;56(6):1955-62. Epub 2008 Feb 20. PMID: 18284200

Abstract Author(s):

Thimmaraju Rudrappa, Harsh P Bais

Article Affiliation:

Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Delaware, Delaware Biotechnology Institute, Newark, DE 19711, USA.

Abstract:

The effect of curcumin on the virulence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PAO1) using whole plant and animal pathogenicity models was investigated. The effect of curcumin on PAO1 virulence was studied by employing in vitro assays for virulence factor production, Arabidopsis thaliana/Caenorhabditis elegans pathogenicity models, and whole genome microarray analysis. It is shown that the curcumin inhibits PAO1 virulence factors such as biofilm formation, pyocyanin biosynthesis, elastase/protease activity, and acyl homoserine lactone (HSL) production. As a consequence of this, curcumin treatment resulted in the reduced pathogenicity of P. aeruginosa-C. elegans and P. aeruginosa-A. thaliana infection models. In addition, transcriptome analysis of curcumin-treated PAO1 revealed down-regulation of 31 quorum sensing (QS) genes, of which many have already been reported for virulence. The supplementation of HSLs along with the curcumin treatment resulted in increased pathogencity and recovery of higher bacterial titers in a plant pathogenecity model. These data reveal the involvement of curcumin in QS interruption to reduce pathogenicity. Curcumin attenuates PAO1 virulence by down-regulation of virulence factors, QS, and biofilm initiation genes. The effect of curcumin on multiple targets such as virulence, QS, and biofilm initiation makes curcumin a potential supplemental molecule for the treatment of P. aeruginosa infections.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.