Modulation of activation-induced cytidine deaminase by curcumin in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells.
Toxicol In Vitro. 2010 Mar;24(2):460-4. Epub 2009 Oct 13. PMID: 19889077
BACKGROUND: Anomalous expression of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells has been postulated as one of the key mechanisms in the development of gastric cancer. AID is overexpressed in the cells through nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation by H. pylori and hence, inhibition of NF-kappaB pathway can downregulate the expression of AID. Curcumin, a spice-derived polyphenol, is known for its anti-inflammatory activity via NF-kappaB inhibition. Therefore, it was hypothesized that curcumin might suppress AID overexpression via NF-kappaB inhibitory activity in H. pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MKN-28 or MKN-45 cells and H. pylori strain 193C isolated from gastric cancer patient were used for co-culture experiments. Cells were pretreated with or without nonbactericidal concentrations of curcumin. Apoptosis was determined by DNA fragmentation assay. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to evaluate the anti-adhesion activity of curcumin. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was employed to evaluate the expression of AID mRNA. Immunoblot assay was performed for the analysis of AID, NF-kappaB, inhibitors of NF-kappaB (IkappaB), and IkappaB kinase (IKK) complex regulation with or without curcumin. RESULTS: The adhesion of H. pylori to gastric epithelial cells was not inhibited by curcumin pretreatment at nonbactericidal concentrations (