Curcumin inhibits the proliferation and invasion of human osteosarcoma cell line MG-63 by regulating miR-138.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2015 ;8(11):14946-52. Epub 2015 Nov 1. PMID: 26823826
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we screened the different human osteosarcoma cell line MG-63 miRNAs after the treatment of curcumin and explored the effects of curcumin on MG-63 cells and its mechanism.
METHODS: Affemitrix miRNA chip was used to detect the changes of miRNA expression profile in MG-63 cells before and after curcumin treatment, and screen different expression of miRNAs. The target gene of miRNA was analyzed by bioinformatics. The expression levels of miRNA-138 target genes Smad4, NFκB p65 and cyclin D3 were detected. MTT and Transwell Cell invasion assays were used to observe the effects of curcumin on MG-63 cells.
RESULTS: Curcumin could significantly inhibit the proliferation of MG-63 cells and the expression levels of miRNA-138 target genes Smad4, NFκB p65 and cyclin D3 in MG-63 cells (P<0.05); overexpression of hsa-miR-138 down-regulated the expression levels of Smad4, NFκB p65 and cyclin D3 compared with the treatment of curcumin, while inhibition of hsa-miR-138 up-regulated the expression levels of Smad4, NFκB p65 and cyclin D3.
CONCLUSIONS: Curcumin could increase the expression of hsa-miR-138, hsa-miR-138 inhibited cell proliferation and invasive ability by inhibition of its target genes.