[Curcumin inhibited rat colorectal carcinogenesis by activating PPAR-γ: an experimental study].
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2015 Apr ;35(4):471-5. PMID: 26043573
OBJECTIVE: To explore the chemopreventive effect of curcumin on DMH induced colorectal carcinogenesis and the underlining mechanism.
METHODS: Totally 40 Wistar rats were divided into the model group and the curcumin group by random digit table, 20 in each group. Meanwhile, a normal control group was set up (n =10). A colorectal cancer model was induced by subcutaneously injecting 20 mg/kg DMH. The tumor incidence and the inhibition rate were calculated. The effect of curcumin on the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) in rat colon mucosal tissues was observed using immunohistochemistry and Western blot. HT 29 cell line were cultured and divided into a control group, the curcumin + GW9662 (2-chloro-5-nitro-N-4-phenylbenzamide) intervention group, and the curcumin group. The inhibition of different concentrations curcumin on HT29 cell line was detected using MTT. The expression of curcumin on PPARy was also detected using Western blot.
RESULTS: The tumor incidence was 80. 00% (12/15 cases) in the model group, obviously higher than that of the curcumin group (58. 82%, 10/17 cases, P<0. 05). The inhibition rate of curcumin on DMH induced colorected carcinoma reached 26. 46%. Compared with the normal control group, the expression of PPARγ protein was significantly increased in the curcumin group and the model group (P<0. 01). Compared with the model group at the same time point, the expression of PPARy protein was significantly enhanced in the curcumin group (P<0. 05). MTT analysis showed that curcumin could inhibit the proliferation of in vitro HT 29 cells in dose and time dependent manners. The expression of PPARy protein was significantly increased in the GW9662 group and the curcumin group, showing statistical difference when compared with the normal control group (P<0. 01). Compared with the GW9662 group, the expression of PPARγ protein was significantly increased in the curcumin group (P<0. 01).
CONCLUSION: Curcumin could inhibit DMH-induced rat colorectal carcinogenesis and the growth of in vitro cultured HT 29 cell line, which might be achieved by activating PPARy signal transduction pathway.