[Curcumin induces apoptosis by PTEN/PI3K/AKT pathway in EC109 cells].
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi. 2015 Mar ;31(2):174-7. PMID: 26248429
OBJECTIVE: To study the molecular mechanism of curcumin in human esophageal carcinoma cell line (EC109).
METHODS: EC109 cells were cultivated in vitro. When 80%-90% confluence was reached, they were treated with curcumin in different concentrations (15-120µmol/L). The effects on cell proliferation were examined by CCK-8 colorimetry. The ultrastructure of EC109 cells were detected with transmission electron microscope(TEM). The cells apoptosis was observed with laser confocal microscope(LCM) by AnnexinV-FITC/PI double staining. The proteins level ofPTEN, AKT, GSK3β and Caspase 3 were tested by flow cytometry(FCM) .
RESULTS: CCK-8 test showed that curcumin could inhibit the proliferation of EC109 cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. TEM and LCM examinations indicated that curcumin could make EC109 cells apoptosis. The data of FCM showed that curcumin could increase the expression of PTEN, GSK3β and Caspase 3, decreased the expression of AKT.
CONCLUSION: The effects of curcumin on inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis of EC109 cells were related with increased expression of PTEN and inhibition of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.