Curcumin induces apoptosis and suppresses invasion in acute monocytic leukemia SHI-1 cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Curcumin induces apoptosis and suppresses invasion through MAPK and MMP signaling in human monocytic leukemia SHI-1 cells.
Pharm Biol. 2015 Jul 1:1-9. Epub 2015 Jul 1. PMID: 26134921
CONTEXT: Curcumin is a polyphenolic compound extracted from rhizomes of the tropical plant Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae) and it has antitumor, antioxidative, and anti-inflammatory effects. However, its effects on leukemia cell proliferation and invasion are not clear.
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the effects of curcumin on acute monocytic leukemia SHI-1 cells at the molecular level.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of SHI-1 cells treated with 6.25-25 μM curcumin for 12-48 h were measured by MTT assay, flow cytometry, and Matrigel transwell assay; the underlying molecular mechanisms were assessed by quantitative PCR, Western blotting, and gelatin zymography.
RESULTS: Treatment of SHI-1 cells with curcumin inhibited cell proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and the IC50 values at 12, 24, and 48 h were 32.40, 14.13, and 9.67 μM. Curcumin inhibited SHI-1 cell proliferation by arresting the cells in the S-phase, increasing the number of Annexin V-FITC(+)/PI(-) cells and promoting the loss of △Ψm. The results of PCR and Western blotting showed that curcumin increased the FasL mRNA level; inhibited Bcl-2, NF-κB, and ERK expression; and activated P38 MAPK, JNK, and caspase-3. Additionally, curcumin partially suppressed SHI-1 cell invasion and attenuated the mRNA transcription and secretion of MMP-2 and MMP-9.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that curcumin not only induces SHI-1 cell apoptosis, possibly via both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways triggered by JNK, P38 MAPK and ERK signaling, but also partially suppresses SHI-1 cell invasion, likely by reducing the levels of transcription and secretion of MMP-2 and MMP-9.