Curcumin induces programmed cell death in mantle cell lymphoma. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Curcumin nanodisk-induced apoptosis in mantle cell lymphoma.
Leuk Lymphoma. 2011 Aug ;52(8):1537-43. Epub 2011 Jun 24. PMID: 21699455
Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a pre-germinal center neoplasm characterized by cyclin D1 overexpression resulting from t(11;14)(q13;q32). Since MCL is incurable with standard lymphoma therapies, new treatment approaches are needed that target specific biologic pathways. In the present study, we investigated a novel drug delivery nanovehicle enriched with the bioactive polyphenol, curcumin (curcumin nanodisks; curcumin-ND). Cells treated with curcumin-ND showed a dose-dependent increase in apoptosis. This was accompanied by enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine, inhibited curcumin-ND induced apoptosis, suggesting that ROS generation plays a role in curcumin action on MCL cells. Curcumin-ND decreased cyclin D1, pAkt, pIκBα, and Bcl(2) protein. In addition, enhanced FoxO3a and p27 expression as well as caspase-9, -3, and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage were observed. Curcumin-ND treatment led to enhanced G(1) arrest in two cultured cell models of MCL.