Curcumin induces programmed cell death in a murine mammary gland cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Curcumin induces apoptosis in a murine mammary gland adenocarcinoma cell line through the mitochondrial pathway.
Eur J Pharmacol. 2011 Oct 1 ;668(1-2):127-32. Epub 2011 Jul 8. PMID: 21762689
Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
Curcumin, a phenol in turmeric (Curcuma longa), has been studied for the last decade as a potential anticancer drug. It has been shown to reduce viability of the highly malignant, metastatic rat mammary gland cell line ENU1564 in culture and reduce metastasis of these cells injected into nude mice. The purpose of this study was to identify the mechanisms by which curcumin induces apoptosis in these ENU1564 cells in vitro, and to examine its effects on mitochondrial membrane potential and mitochondrial Ca(2+) homeostasis. The results show that curcumin induced apoptosis in ENU1564 cells through the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis, as evident by an increase in mitochondrial Ca(2+) accumulation and a decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential. However, treatment of the ENU1564 cells with the mitochondrial uniporter inhibitor RU-360 prior to curcumin treatment partially inhibited the curcumin effects. SKF-96365, a store-operated Ca(2+) channel blocker, suppressed the curcumin effect on mitochondrial Ca(2+). In addition, curcumin down-regulated the expressions of Bcl-2 and procaspase-3 and increased the production of reactive oxygen species in ENU1564 cells. These data suggest that the mitochondrial Ca(2+) is the leading factor by which curcumin induced apoptosis in ENU1564 cells, followed by reactive oxygen species production and inhibition of Bcl-2 oncoprotein.