Abstract Title:

Curcumin inhibits appoptosin-induced apoptosis via upregulating heme oxygenase-1 expression in SH-SY5Y cells.

Abstract Source:

Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2015 May ;36(5):544-52. Epub 2015 Apr 20. PMID: 25891083

Abstract Author(s):

Kun-mu Zheng, Jing Zhang, Cui-lin Zhang, Yun-wu Zhang, Xiao-chun Chen

Article Affiliation:

Kun-mu Zheng

Abstract:

AIM: Appoptosin (SLC25A38) is a pro-apoptotic protein, which is upregulated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains and plays an important role in promoting the pathological progress of AD. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of curcumin from the rhizome of Curcuma longa on appoptosin-induced apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells.

METHODS: SH-SY5Y cells were pretreated with curcumin, then transfected with appoptosin or vector. The apoptotic cells were detected with Annexin V staining analysis by flow cytometry. The expression of cleaved caspase-3, appoptosin, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) was examined using Western blotting. Intracellular level of ROS was measured with DCFH-DA staining by flow cytometry analysis. Mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) was detected with JC-1 staining under a fluorescence microscope and quantified by fluorescence ratio detection.Overexpression of appoptosin in SH-SY5Y cells markedly increased cell apoptosis accompanied by reduced HO-1 expression, increased intracellular heme level, ROS overproduction and ΔΨm impairment. Treatment of SH-SY5Y cells with curcumin (2.5-20 μmol/L) for 24 h did not significantly affect their viability. However, pretreatment with curcumin (2.5-20 μmol/L) dose-dependently attenuated all above-mentioned pathological changes in appoptosin-transfected SH-SY5Y cells.

RESULTS: Overexpression of appoptosin in SH-SY5Y cells markedly increased cell apoptosis accompanied by reduced HO-1 expression, increased intracellular heme level, ROS overproduction andΔΨm impairment. Treatment of SH-SY5Y cells with curcumin (2.5-20 μmol/L) for 24 h did not significantly affect their viability. However, pretreatment with curcumin (2.5-20 μmol/L) dose-dependently attenuated all above-mentioned pathological changes in appoptosin-transfected SH-SY5Y cells.

CONCLUSION: Curcumin inhibits appoptosin-induced apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells by upregulating the expression of HO-1, reducing the production of intracellular heme and ROS, and preventing theΔΨm loss.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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Sayer Ji
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