Curcumin inhibits embryonal carcinoma. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Curcumin-induced differentiation of mouse embryonal carcinoma PCC4 cells.
Int J Nurs Pract. 2010 Oct;16(5):454-60. PMID: 11686235
Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, India.
Curcumin, a natural component of turmeric extracted from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa, is known to exhibit a number of biological properties. In the present study, curcumin, at low concentration, was shown to induce differentiation in embryonal carcinoma cell line PCC4. In response to curcumin, PCC4 cells ceased to proliferate and showed cell cycle arrest at G1 phase after 4 hours of treatment, followed by their differentiation which is characterized by increase of nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio. The expression of hsp 70 was also seen upon 8 h of curcumin treatment, and it remained constant up to 48 h. Differentiated cells also expressed a series of differentiation markers such as lamin A, well-established actin, and keratin cytoskeleton. We used mRNA differential display analysis to identify the genes that are regulated during curcumin-induced differentiation of PCC4 cells. We cloned and sequenced three partial cDNAs that were differentially expressed in normal and differentiated cells. Sequence comparison of one downregulated cDNA (Al) has shown homology to a gene present on mouse chromosome five, while the two upregulated cDNA (C1 and C7) are homologous to several mouse ESTs clones from organs of mesodermal origin. We have identified the full-length coding sequence of the Cl fragment with a putative amino acid sequence. Tissue-specific Northern with RNA from adult mouse organs with the C1 fragment alone showed hybridization with mRNA from several tissues, whereas the same Northern with only the coding sequence showed expression of C1 gene mainly in the adult kidney. Homology search revealed that C1 sequence is part of the 3' UTR and may be common to several genes expressed in many tissues. Thus, curcumin appears to differentiate embryonal carcinoma cell PCC4, and one of the upregulated genes seems to be expressed mainly in the adult kidney.