Curcumin inhibits tumor implantation and growth in the mouse bladder tumor model. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Curcumin prevents intravesical tumor implantation of the MBT-2 tumor cell line in C3H mice.
J Urol. 2001 Oct;166(4):1498-501. PMID: 11547120
Department of Urology, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo, Ohio 43614-5807, USA.
PURPOSE: The development of an effective nontoxic intravesical agent that may be used immediately after bladder tumor resection to prevent the implantation of tumor cells would be a significant clinical advancement. We report the cytotoxic effects of curcumin on bladder tumor cell lines as well as its effects on the intravesical implantation of tumor cells in C3H mice.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: UMUC human and MBT-2 mouse bladder cancer lines were incubated with 0 to 100 microM. curcumin in dimethyl sulfoxide for 30 minutes and cell viability was determined by clonal assay. Additional culture dishes were incubated with curcumin and processed for electron microscopy. Using the C3H mice and the MBT2 tumor lines the effects of intravesical curcumin on tumor implantation after bladder injury was studied. The 10 group 1 mice served as nontreatment controls. In the 18 group 2 mice 30 minutes after tumor cell implantation 100 microM. curcumin in 0.1% dimethyl sulfoxide were instilled intravesically for 30 minutes. The 15 group 3 mice served as treatment controls with 0.1% dimethyl sulfoxide or culture medium instilled intravesically for 30 minutes. Animals were sacrificed 7 to 10 days after treatment and the bladder was subjected to histological analysis for tumor.
RESULTS: At the 100 microM. dose curcumin was completely lethal to the 2 cell lines on clonal growth assay. Electron microscopy revealed apoptotic bodies after curcumin administration. The tumor implantation rate was 16.7% (3 of 18 mice) in curcumin treated bladders and 73% (11 of 15) in the vehicle control group.
CONCLUSIONS: At the 100 microm. concentration curcumin is a potent cytotoxic agent against the MBT and UMUC bladder tumor cell lines. In addition, curcumin effectively inhibits tumor implantation and growth in this murine bladder tumor model.