Curcumin reverses benzidine-induced cell proliferation by suppressing ERK1/2 pathway in human bladder cancer T24 cells.
Exp Toxicol Pathol. 2016 Jan 5. Epub 2016 Jan 5. PMID: 26776764
Bladder cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death in the world. Prolonged exposure to benzidine is a known cause of bladder cancer. Curcumin has been clinically used in chemoprevention and treatment of cancer. However, it remains unknown whether mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways are involved in curcumin-mediated protection from benzidine-associated promotive effects on bladder cancer. In our study, we found that benzidine increased the proliferation of human bladder cancer T24 cells, triggered transition of the cells from G1 to S phase, elevated the expression of cyclin D1 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and decreased p21 expression. Meanwhile, exposure of T24 cells to benzidine resulted in activation of extracellular regulated protein kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) pathway as well as activator protein 1 (AP-1) proteins. Treatment with ERK1/2 inhibitor U0126 or curcumin effectively abrogated benzidine-triggered cell proliferation and ERK1/2/AP-1 activation. These results suggested for the first time that curcumin in low concentrations played a protective role in benzidine-induced ERK1/2/AP-1 activation and proliferation of bladder cancer cells, therefore providing new insights into the pathogenesis and chemoprevention of benzidine-associated bladder cancer.