Curcumin diminishes the impacts of hyperglycemia on the activation of hepatic stellate cells by suppressing membrane translocation and gene expression of glucose transporter-2.
Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2010 Dec 30. Epub 2010 Dec 30. PMID: 21195127
Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, United States.
Diabetes is featured by elevated levels of blood glucose, i.e. hyperglycemia, which might be a risk factor for hepatic fibrogenesis in patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are the major effectors during hepatic fibrogenesis. This study was designed to evaluate impacts of high levels of glucose on HSC activation, assess roles of the phytochemical curcumin in attenuating the glucose impacts, and elucidate underlying mechanisms. In this report, levels of intracellular glucose were measured. Contents and gene expression of glucose transporter-2 (GLUT2) in cell fractions were examined. Levels of cellular glutathione and oxidative stress were analyzed. We observed that high levels of glucose induced cell proliferation, type I collagen production and expression of genes relevant to HSC activation, and elevated intracellular glucose levels in cultured HSCs. Curcumin eliminated the stimulatory impacts. Curcumin abrogated the membrane translocation of GLUT2 by interrupting the p38 MAPK signaling pathway. In addition, curcumin suppressed glut2 expression by stimulating the activity of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) and de novo synthesis of glutathione. In conclusion, hyperglycemia stimulated HSC activation in vitro by increasing intracellular glucose, which was eliminated by curcumin by blocking the membrane translocation of GLUT2 and suppressing glut2 expression. The latter was mediated by activating PPARγ and attenuating oxidative stress. Our results presented evidence to impacts of hyperglycemia on stimulating HSC activation and hepatic fibrogenesis, and provided novel insights into the mechanisms by which curcumin eliminated the hyperglycemia-caused HSC activation and potential therapeutic strategies for treatment of diabetes-associated hepatic fibrogenesis.