Curcumin inhibits hypoxia-induced proliferation and invasion of MG-63 osteosarcoma cells via downregulating Notch1.
Mol Med Rep. 2017 Jan 30. Epub 2017 Jan 30. PMID: 28138706
Curcumin is a biologically active ingredient abundantly present in the ground rhizomes of Curcuma longa with a wide range of bioactive properties, including antitumor effects. Hypoxia is a common characteristic of solid tumors, including osteosarcoma. However, whether curcumin has antitumor effects on osteosarcoma under hypoxic conditions, and its underlying molecular mechanisms, remain unclear. The present study demonstrated that the MG‑63 osteosarcoma cell line exhibited increased proliferation and enhanced invasiveness upon exposure to hypoxic conditions. However, these effects were prevented by curcumin treatment. Further investigation revealed that curcumin may inhibit Notch1 upregulation induced by hypoxia. Overexpression of Notch1 via Notch1 cDNA transfection ameliorated curcumin‑inhibited MG‑63 cell growth under hypoxic conditions. Taken together, these data revealed that curcumin may suppress the growth of osteosarcoma cells in hypoxia via inhibiting Notch1 signaling.