Possible benefits of curcumin regimen in combination with taxane chemotherapy for hormone-refractory prostate cancer treatment.
Nutr Cancer. 2010;62(2):148-53. PMID: 20099188
Hotel-Dieu Pavillon Villemin Pasteur, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
Complementary and alternative therapies for neoplastic diseases treatment and prevention receive increasing attention from the medical community. Prostate cancer (PC) is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy and the second major cause of male death in industrialized countries. The chemopreventive properties and clinical safety of curcumin, a polyphenolic derivative, have already been established. However, curcumin regimen value in addition to conventional hormone refractory (HR) PC treatment remains largely unknown. This review article summarizes mechanisms by which curcumin may decrease HRPC aggressive proliferation and potentiate activity of taxane therapy. Our analysis suggests that curcumin alone has a therapeutic value in HRPC. In combination with a taxane agent, this compound may enhance cytotoxicity and retard PC cell resistance to taxane. As a consequence, a rationale is provided for considering the possible benefits of curcumin regimen in combination with taxane therapy in HRPC patients.