Curcumin prevents progestin-induced breast cancer cell promotion. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Curcumin inhibits MPA-induced secretion of VEGF from T47-D human breast cancer cells.
Menopause. 2008 May-Jun;15(3):570-4. PMID: 18467956
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.
OBJECTIVE: Recent clinical trials show that women who receive combined estrogen and progestin hormone therapy (HT) have a higher risk of breast cancer than women who receive estrogen alone or placebo. We have shown that progestins stimulate expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent angiogenic factor, in human breast cancer cells that express the progesterone receptors and mutant p53 protein. Because increased levels of VEGF promote tumor progression, compounds that prevent progestin-induced expression of VEGF could be clinically useful. The objective of this study was to examine whether the polyphenol compound curcumin has the capacity to block progestin-induced secretion of VEGF from T47-D human breast cancer cells.
DESIGN: The estrogen and progesterone receptor containing T47-D human breast cancer cells was exposed to 10 nM progesterone or synthetic progestins and varying concentrations of curcumin to determine whether curcumin blocks progestin-dependent production of VEGF from tumor cells.
RESULTS: Curcumin (0.001-10 microM for 18 h) reduced medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA)-induced secretion of VEGF from T47-D cells in a dose-dependent manner. Secretion of VEGF from cells treated with progesterone or progestins other than MPA was unaffected by curcumin.
CONCLUSIONS: MPA is the most widely used progestin in HT. Curcumin may therefore provide a clinically useful tool for the suppression of MPA-induced elaboration of VEGF by tumor cells. We propose therefore that clinical trials to assess the beneficial effects of curcumin in postmenopausal women are warranted.