Curcumin prevents tension-induced endplate cartilage degeneration by enhancing autophagy. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Curcumin prevents tension-induced endplate cartilage degeneration by enhancing autophagy.
Life Sci. 2020 Oct 1 ;258:118213. Epub 2020 Aug 5. PMID: 32768583
AIMS: Intermittent cyclic tension stimulation(ICMT) was shown to promote degeneration of endplate chondrocytes and induce autophagy. However, enhancing autophagy can alleviate degeneration partly. Studies have shown that curcumin can induce autophagy and protect chondrocytes, we speculated that regulation of autophagy by curcumin might be an effective method to improve the stress resistance of endplate cartilage. In this study, human cervical endplate cartilage specimens were collected, and expression of autophagy markers was detected and compared.
MAIN METHODS: Human cervical endplate chondrocytes were cultured to establish a tension-induced degeneration model, for which changes of functional metabolism and autophagy levels were detected under different tension loading conditions. Changes in functional metabolism of endplate chondrocytes were observed under high-intensity tension loading in the presence of inhibitors, inducers, and curcumin to regulate the autophagy level of cells. In addition, a rat model of lumbar instability was established to observe the degeneration of lumbar disc after curcumin administration.
KEY FINDINGS: Through a series of experiments, we found that low-intensity tension stimulation can maintain a stable phenotype of endplate chondrocytes, but high-intensity tension stimulation has a negative effect. Moreover, with increasing tension intensity, the degree of degeneration of endplate chondrocytes was gradually aggravated and the level of autophagy increased. Besides, curcumin upregulated autophagy, inhibited apoptosis, and reduced phenotype loss of endplate chondrocytes induced by high-intensity tension loading, thereby relieving intervertebral disc degeneration induced by mechanical imbalance.
SIGNIFICANCE: Curcumin mediated autophagy and enhanced the adaptability of endplate chondrocytes to high-intensity tension load, thereby relieving intervertebral disc degeneration.