Abstract Title:

Protective role of curcumin in myocardial oxidative damage induced by isoproterenol in rats.

Abstract Source:

Hum Exp Toxicol. 2007 Dec;26(12):933-8. PMID: 18375636

Abstract Author(s):

[No authors listed]

Abstract:

This study was designed to investigate the effect of oral curcumin pretreatment (200 mg/kg) on isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury in rats. Isoproterenol (85 mg/kg, s.c., in two divided doses at 24 h intervals) administration induced a statistically significant increase (P<0.01) in serum lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase, aspartate transaminase, and alanine transaminase activities and significant increase (P<0.01) in myocardial lipid peroxides levels as compared to vehicle control rats. Furthermore, significant depletion (P<0.01) of myocardial endogenous antioxidants viz. superoxide dismutase, catalase, and tissue glutathione levels were also found in the pathogenic control group, that is, isoproterenol only treated animals. Curcumin (200 mg/kg) pretreatment for 20 days in isoproterenol treated rats significantly lowered (P<0.01) the serum lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase, aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase, and myocardial lipid peroxides levels and increased the levels of myocardial endogenous antioxidants (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and tissue glutathione) as compared to pathogenic control rats. Furthermore, histological examination of rat's heart section confirmed myocardial injury with isoproterenol administration and near normal pattern with curcumin pretreatment. The results of our study provide clear evidence that the curcumin pretreatment enhances the antioxidant defense against isoproterenol-induced oxidative myocardial injury in rats and exhibit cardioprotective property.

Study Type : Animal Study

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Sayer Ji
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