Curcumin sensitizes cervical cancer cells to curcumin-induced programmed cell death. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Sensitization of taxol-induced apoptosis by curcumin involves down-regulation of nuclear factor-kappaB and the serine/threonine kinase Akt and is independent of tubulin polymerization.
J Biol Chem. 2005 Feb 25;280(8):6301-8. Epub 2004 Dec 7. PMID: 15590651
Division of Cancer Biology, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala-695014, India.
Taxol is the best anticancer agent that has ever been isolated from plants, but its major disadvantage is its dose-limiting toxicity. In this study, we report with mechanism-based evidence that curcumin, a nontoxic food additive commonly used by the Indian population, sensitizes tumor cells more efficiently to the therapeutic effect of Taxol. A combination of 5 nm Taxol with 5 microm curcumin augments anticancer effects more efficiently than Taxol alone as evidenced by increased cytotoxicity and reduced DNA synthesis in HeLa cells. Furthermore, our results reveal that this combination at the cellular level augments activation of caspases and cytochrome c release. This synergistic effect was not observed in normal cervical cells, 293 cells (in which Taxol down-regulates nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB)), or HeLa cells transfected with inhibitor kappaBalpha double mutant (IkappaBalpha DM), although the transfection itself sensitized the cells to Taxol-induced cytotoxicity. Evaluation of signaling pathways common to Taxol and curcumin reveals that this synergism was in part related to down-regulation of NF-kappaB and serine/threonine kinase Akt pathways by curcumin. An electrophoretic mobility shift assay revealed that activation of NF-kappaB induced by Taxol is down-regulated by curcumin. We also noted that curcumin-down-regulated Taxol induced phosphorylation of the serine/threonine kinase Akt, a survival signal which in many instances is regulated by NF-kappaB. Interestingly, tubulin polymerization and cyclin-dependent kinase Cdc2 activation induced by Taxol was not affected by curcumin. Altogether, our observations indicate that Taxol in combination with curcumin may provide a superior therapeutic index and advantage in the clinic for the treatment of refractory tumors.