Epigenetic regulation of high glucose-induced proinflammatory cytokine production in monocytes by curcumin.
J Nutr Biochem. 2010 Jul 21. Epub 2010 Jul 21. PMID: 20655188
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California, Davis, Medical Center, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA.
Diabetes is a proinflammatory state. We have previously shown increased monocyte proinflammatory cytokines in patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. High glucose induces proinflammatory cytokines via epigenetic changes. Curcumin, a polyphenol responsible for the yellow color of the spice turmeric, is known to exert potent anti-inflammatory activity in vitro. Recent studies indicate that it may regulate chromatin remodeling by inhibiting histone acetylation. In this study, we aimed to test the effect of curcumin on histone acetylation and proinflammatory cytokine secretion under high-glucose conditions in human monocytes. Human monocytic (THP-1) cells were cultured in presence of mannitol (osmolar control, mannitol) or normoglycemic (NG, 5.5 mmol/L glucose) or hyperglycemic (HG, 25 mmol/L glucose) conditions in absence or presence of curcumin (1.5-12.5 muM) for 72 h. Cytokine level, nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) transactivation, histone deacetylases (HDACs) activity, histone acetylases (HATs) activity were measured by western blots, quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunofluorescence staining. HG significantly induced histone acetylation, NF-kappaB activity and proinflammatory cytokine (interleukin 6, tumor necrosis factor alpha and MCP-1) release from THP-1 cells. Curcumin suppressed NF-kappaB binding and cytokine release in THP-1 cells. Also, since p300 histone acetyltransferase is a coactivator of NF-kappaB, we examined its acetylation. Curcumin treatment also significantly reduced HAT activity, level of p300 and acetylated CBP/p300 gene expression, and induced HDAC2 expression by curcumin. These results indicate that curcumin decreases HG-induced cytokine production in monocytes via epigenetic changes involving NF-kappaB. In conclusion, curcumin supplementation by reducing vascular inflammation may prevent diabetic complications.