Curcumin suppresses colon cancer cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Curcumin suppresses PPARdelta expression and related genes in HT-29 cells.
World J Gastroenterol. 2009 Mar 21;15(11):1346-52. PMID: 19294764
Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Zhejiang University, Hanzhou 310027, Zhejiang Province, China.
AIM: To investigate the effects of curcumin on the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptordelta (PPARdelta) and related genes in HT-29 cells.
METHODS: HT-29 cells were treated with curcumin (0-80 micromol/L) for 24 h. The effects of curcumin on the morphology of HT-29 cells were studied by Hoechst 33342 staining. The activity of caspase-3 was determined using DEVD-pNA as substrate. The levels of peroxisome PPARdelta, 14-3-3epsilon and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in HT-29 cells were determined by Western blotting analysis and their mRNA expression was determined by real-time quantitative RT-PCR.
RESULTS: Treatment with 10-80 micromol/L curcumin induced typical features of apoptosis and activated the caspase-3 in HT-29 cells. The expression of PPARdelta, 14-3-3epsilon and VEGF was reduced and the activity of beta-catenin/Tcf-4 signaling was inhibited by curcumin treatment.
CONCLUSION: Curcumin can induce apoptosis of HT-29 cells and down-regulate the expression of PPARdelta, 14-3-3epsilon and VEGF in HT-29.