Protective Effects of Curcumin on Intestinal Damage in Cholestatic Rats.
J Invest Surg. 2015 Dec 18:1-9. Epub 2015 Dec 18. PMID: 26682581
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible protective effects of curcumin on oxidative stress, cell proliferation, and apoptosis in the rat intestinal mucosa after bile duct ligation (BDL).
METHODS: A total of 18 male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into three groups: sham control, BDL and BDL+curcumin; each group contain six animals. The rats in the curcumin-treated group were given curcumin (100 mg/kg) once a day orally for 14 days, starting 3 days prior to BDL operation. Following 14 days of treatment, all the animals were decapitated and intestinal tissues samples obtained for biochemical and histopathological investigation.
RESULTS: Curcumin treatment was found to significantly lower elevated tissue malondialdehyde levels and myeloperoxidase activity, and to raise reduced glutathione levels in intestinal tissues samples. BDL caused severe histopathological injury, including shortening of the villi, loss of villous epithelium, multiple erosions, inflammatory cell infiltration, necrosis, and hemorrhage into the intestinal wall. Curcumin treatment significantly attenuated the severity of intestinal injury, with inhibition of BDL-induced apoptosis and cell proliferation.
CONCLUSION: Curcumin treatment has a protective effect against intestinal damage induced by BDL. The ability of curcumin treatment is to inhibit BDL-induced oxidative stress, apoptosis, and cell proliferation.