Curcumol may alleviate psoriasis-like inflammation by inhibiting keratinocyte proliferation and inflammatory gene expression via JAK1/STAT3 signaling.
Aging (Albany NY). 2021 07 27 ;13(14):18392-18403. Epub 2021 Jul 27. PMID: 34314383
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by abnormal proliferation and differentiation of keratinocytes. Since curcumol exhibits anti-inflammatory properties in various diseases, we investigated its anti-inflammatory potential in stimulated human keratinocytes. Our data show that curcumol significantly inhibits proliferation and induces cell cycle arrest in NHEK cells stimulated with proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1α, IL-17A, IL-22, oncostatin M, and TNF-α; mix M5). In addition, curcumol markedly ameliorates inflammatory response and promotes differentiation of M5-stimulated NHEK cells. Curcumol inhibits activity of JAK1, resulting in the inhibition of STAT3, downregulation of cyclin D2, and cell cycle arrest in stimulated NHEK cells. Together, our data show that curcumol reduces proliferation and inflammatory gene expression in stimulated keratinocytes by inhibiting the JAK1/STAT3 signaling, suggesting that it might serve as a potential therapeutic option for the treatment of psoriasis.