The cytoprotective and anti-cancer potential of bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids from Nelumbo nucifera.
Curr Top Med Chem. 2019 Nov 16. Epub 2019 Nov 16. PMID: 31738137
Natural product therapy has been gaining therapeutic importance against various diseases including cancer. The failure of chemotherapy due to its associated adverse effects promoted adjunct therapy with natural products. Phytochemicals exert anti-carcinogenic activities through regulation of various cell signaling pathways such as cell survival, inflammation, apoptosis, autophagy, and metastasis. The 'small molecule-chemosensitizing agents' from plants induce apoptosis in drug-resistant and host-immune resistant cancer cells in in vitro as well as in vivo models. For example, alkaloids from Nelumbo nucifera, liensinine, isoliensinine, and neferine exert the anticancer activity through enhanced ROS generation, activation of MAP kinases, followed by induction of autophagy and apoptotic cell death. Likewise, these alkaloids also exert their cytoprotective action against cerebrovascular stroke/ischemic stroke, diabetes, and chemotherapy-induced cytotoxicity. Therefore, the present review elucidates the pharmacological activities of these bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids which include the cytoprotective, anticancer, and chemosensitizing abilities against various diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, neurological diseases, and cancer.