Abstract Title:

Cytotoxicity of Moringa oleifera fruits on human liver cancer and molecular docking analysis of bioactive constituents against caspase-3 enzyme.

Abstract Source:

J Food Biochem. 2021 May ;45(5):e13720. Epub 2021 Apr 15. PMID: 33856706

Abstract Author(s):

Sahabjada Siddiqui, Shivbrat Upadhyay, Imran Ahmad, Arshad Hussain, Maqusood Ahamed

Article Affiliation:

Sahabjada Siddiqui


Moringa oleifera is an excellent source of phenolics and flavonoids comprise various pharmacological activities. The fourth widespread leading cause of the patients' death is liver cancer. This study was formulated to perform the antiproliferative activity of Moringa oleifera fruit (MOF) extract on human liver cancer HepG2 cells and computational validation of cell death. HepG2 cell line was treated with 25, 50, 75, 100, and 200 µg/ml of MOF extract for 48 hr, and antiproliferative activity was analyzed using MTT assay, nuclear condensation, annexin V-FITC/PI double stain, ROS generation, and apoptosis executioner enzyme caspase-3. MOF extract reduced the cell viability significantly (p ˂ .05) by increasing cellularapoptosis which was confirmed by annexin V-FITC/PI staining assay. In addition, MOF stimulated intracellular ROS production and subsequently induced caspase-3 activity depending upon dose. In silico analysis revealed the good binding interaction between amino acid residues of caspase-3 (PDB ID: 1GFW) protein and selected active constituents of MOF. PASS analyses of the phytoconstituents showed no violation of Lipinski's rule of five. Analysis of drug-likeness and toxicity measurement exhibited drug-like candidates with no predicted toxicity. In conclusion, this study showed the potential anticancer activity of MOF extract which may be valuable source for anticancer drug development. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Moringa oleifera fruit extract induced the anti-proliferative activity against human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells through ROS-mediated apoptosis and activation of caspase-3 enzyme. Structure-based virtual screening study between bioactive components of Moringa oleifera fruits and apoptosis executioner caspase-3 enzyme has validated the anti-proliferative activity of Moringa oleifera fruit extract. Interestingly, active phytoconstituents of Moringa oleifera fruit exhibiteddrug-like candidates with no predicted toxicity. Thus, Moringa oleifera fruit could be used as valuable source for anticancer drug development against human liver cancer with relatively non-toxic to healthy cells.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.