Biochemical and histopathological effects of catechin on experimental peripheral nerve injuries.
Turk Neurosurg. 2015 ;25(3):453-60. PMID: 26037187
Ali Erdem Yildirim
AIM: Catechin is a type of polyphenol, along with epicatechin, epigallocatechin, and epigallocatechin-gallate (EGCG). This study aims to investigate the effect of EGCG, a major metabolite of catechin, which is the principle bioactive compound in green tea, on rats with peripheral nerve injury.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 74 rats were divided into six groups, namely the control, the trauma, the normal saline, a 25mg/kg EGCG, a 50mg/kg EGCG and a daily consumption group (10mg/kg EGCG was given intraperitoneally for 14 days before the trauma). Except the first group, the other groups underwent a 1-minute sciatic nerve compression by clip with 50gr/cm2 pressure. Nerve samples were obtained at 28 day after trauma for the biochemical and histopathological analysis.
RESULTS: Our study showed that the Daily consumption, 25mg/kg EGCG and 50mg/kg EGCG groups demonstrated statistically significant decreased lipid peroxidation levels and particularly daily consumption, and the 25mg/kg EGCG group showed a favourable reduction of degeneration and edema histologically.
CONCLUSION: This study shows that Catechin and its derivatives have a protective effect on peripheral nerve injury.