Decreased preoperative serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D levels in colorectal cancer are associated with systemic inflammation and serrated morphology.
Sci Rep. 2016 Nov 7 ;6:36519. Epub 2016 Aug 7. PMID: 27819306
Juha P Väyrynen
Deficiency of vitamin D is associated with increased risk of several types of cancer including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, factors contributing to low levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in CRC are not clear. Therefore, in this study serum 25(OH)D levels in 117 CRC patients and 86 controls were analyzed and correlated with the clinicopathological data including morphological subtype (serrated or conventional), quantity of tumor infiltrating immune cells, levels of systemic inflammatory markers, and disease outcome. We found that the patients had lower serum 25(OH)D levels compared to the controls. Interestingly, among the patients mismatch repair deficiency, serrated morphology, and high body mass index associated with lowest serum 25(OH)D levels. In addition, patients operated in summer or autumn had higher serum 25(OH)D levels. Furthermore, serum 25(OH)D levels inversely correlated with several systemic inflammatory markers, e.g. serum C reactive protein, but did not associate with prognosis. Mechanism leading to vitamin D deficiency in these patients are not clear but could be related to the effects of systemic inflammation. Longitudinal studies are warranted to assess vitamin D deficiency as a potential risk factor for serrated colorectal polyps and adenocarcinoma.