Fractionation of plant bioactives from black carrots (Daucus carota subspecies sativus varietas atrorubens Alef.) by adsorptive membrane chromatography and analysis of their potential anti-diabetic activity.
J Agric Food Chem. 2016 Jun 30. Epub 2016 Jun 30. PMID: 27362825
Black and purple carrots have attracted interest as colored extracts for coloring food due to their high content of anthocyanins. This study aimed to investigate the polyphenol composition of black carrots. Particularly, the identification and quantification of phenolic compounds of the variety Deep Purple carrot (DPC), which presents a very dark color, was performed by HPLC-PDA and HPLC-ESI-MSn analyses. The separation of polyphenols from a DPC XAD-7 extract into an anthocyanin fraction (AF) and copigment fraction (CF; primarily phenolic acids) was carried out by membrane chromatography. Furthermore, possible anti-diabetic effects of the DPC XAD-7 extract and its AF and CF were determined. DPC samples (XAD-7, CF and AF) inhibitedα-amylase and α glucosidase in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, DPC XAD 7 and chlorogenic acid, but not DPC CF and DPC AF, caused a moderate inhibition of intestinal glucose uptake in Caco-2 cells. However, DPC samples did not affect glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4) activity. Overall, DPC exhibits an inhibitory effect on α-amylase and α-glucosidase activity and on cellular glucose uptake indicating a potential anti-diabetic properties.