Dehydroandrographolide inhibits osteosarcoma cell growth and metastasis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Dehydroandrographolide Inhibits Osteosarcoma Cell Growth and Metastasis by Targeting SATB2-mediated EMT.
Anticancer Agents Med Chem. 2019 ;19(14):1728-1736. PMID: 31284872
BACKGROUND: The 12-hydroxy-14-dehydroandrographolide (DP) is a predominant component of the traditional herbal medicine(Burm. f.) Nees (Acanthaceae). Recent studies have shown that DP exhibits potent anti-cancer effects against oral and colon cancer cells.
OBJECTIVE: This investigation examined the potential effects of DP against osteosarcoma cell.
METHODS: A cell analyzer was used to measure cell viability. The cell growth and proliferation were performed by Flow cytometry and BrdU incorporation assay. The cell migration and invasion were determined by wound healing and transwell assay. The expression of EMT related proteins was examined by Western blot analysis.
RESULTS: In this study, we found that DP treatment repressed osteosarcoma (OS) cell growth in a dose-dependent manner. DP treatment significantly inhibited OS cell proliferation by arresting the cell cycle at G2/M phase. In addition, DP treatment effectively inhibited the migration and invasion abilities of OS cells through wound healing and Transwell tests. Mechanistic studies revealed that DP treatment effectively rescued the epithelialmesenchymal transition (EMT), while forced expression of SATB2 in OS cells markedly reversed the pharmacological effect of DP on EMT.
CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrated that DP repressed OS cell growth through inhibition of proliferation and cell cycle arrest; DP also inhibited metastatic capability of OS cells through a reversal of EMT by targeting SATB2. These findings demonstrate DP's potential as a therapeutic drug for OS treatment.