Demethoxycucumin protects MDA-MB-231 cells induced bone destruction through JNK and ERK pathways inhibition.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2021 Jan 5. Epub 2021 Jan 5. PMID: 33403398
Bone is the most common late metastasis of breast cancer. Bone metastasis causes not only severe bone pain, but also bone-related diseases such as pathological fractures, which are closely related to osteoclasts. The effects of demethoxycurcumin (DMC) on osteoclast biology has not been investigated. In this study, we explored the effects of DMC on MDA-MB-231 cells, MCF-7 cells, and osteoclasts induced by RANKL in vitro, as well as the protective effect on bone destruction of tumor bone metastasis in vivo. DMC showed inhibitory effect on the migration and promotes the apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells. At the same time, DMC inhibited osteoclast maturation and mature osteoclast bone resorption in a dose-dependent manner, and suppressed the expression of osteoclast marker genes TRAP, CTSK, MMP9, V-ATPase-d2 and DC-STAMP significantly. Biochemical data showed that DMC inhibited tumor cells and osteoclasts by inhibiting the early activation of ERK and JNK MAPK pathway. Consistent with the results in vitro, we confirmed that DMC protects bone destruction caused by tumor metastasis in vivo. In short, our study confirmed that DMC could be used as a potential drug for the treatment of tumor bone destruction.