Demethoxycurcumin increases the sensitivity of cisplatin-resistant non-small lung cancer cells to cisplatin and induces apoptosis by activating the caspase signaling pathway.
Oncol Lett. 2020 Nov ;20(5):209. Epub 2020 Sep 8. PMID: 32963615
Patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) can develop strong drug resistance following long-term treatment with platinum-based drugs. Increasing doses of chemotherapeutic drugs fail to obtain better results, and serious complications occur. It has been demonstrated that upregulation of excision repair cross-complementary 1 (ERCC1) in lung cancer cells is closely associated with cell resistance to platinum-based chemotherapy. In addition, curcumin (CMN) enhances antitumor effects in NSCLC by downregulating ERCC1. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of demethoxycurcumin (DMC), a curcuminoid, on the reversal of resistance of NSCLC cellsand. The present study demonstrated that DMC significantly increased the sensitivity of DDP in DDP-resistant A549 (A549/DDP) cells. The results from an MTT assay demonstrated that DMC combined with DDP significantly attenuated the proliferation of A549/DDP cells. Furthermore, DMC exhibited decreased toxicity in normal lung fibroblast MRC-5 cells. In addition, following treatment of A549/DDP cells with a combination of DMC and DDP, the expression of ERCC1 was reduced, the protein levels of Bcl-2 and Bax were decreased and increased, respectively, whereas caspase-3 was activated, according to results from western blotting. Finally, DDP combined with DMC significantly attenuated A549/DDP cell-derived tumor growth. Taken together, the findings from the present study suggested that DMC in combination with DDP may be considered as a novel combination regimen for restoring DDP sensitivity in DDP-resistant NSCLC cells.